Contact Us

Life Insurance, Mortgage Protection, Serious Illness & Income Protection

The Various Types of Life Insurance Policies Explained


AOR Insurances  specialise in arranging tailored life insurance cover for people like you and your family. We’d love to help and are unbiased when it comes to getting you the best cover.


You may be applying for a mortgage and you may have been offered a life cover policy to purchase from your bank. Don’t do that, really, if you decide to switch your mortgage to another bank your original bank could cancel your policy and you are not guaranteed to get a new one from another provider.

Use a broker like us or whatever broker you prefer, so that you don’t need to switch providers in that situation.

You mightn’t know much about the different types of cover available in Ireland so this article explains the main types of cover and why you would need each.

If you want some down-to-earth advice, just call us on the number above and we’ll have a chat.

 We are independent advisors which means that we know the strengths and weaknesses of all the Irish life insurance providers, namely

  • Zurich Life
  • New Ireland
  • Friends First
  • Royal London
  • Irish Life
  • Aviva   

So, what is Life Insurance?

In a nutshell, it’s used as financial protection for when you die or are unable to take care of your loved ones. 

It is a way of creating a safety net for the people who depend on you. This can be insurance on the primary bread-winner of the house, but it could also be insurance cover for the stay-at-home partner who does the cooking, the cleaning, the childcare, the lawn, garden care and all the other small things that need to be done in a household. If something happens to the partner that does all those small chores and takes care of the kids, then the partner who earns the salary in the house would need to hire someone to take over those tasks or would have to find some way to fit them into his or her already busy schedule.

Some policies, however, have provisions for illness or injury. They can be used as collateral when taking out a loan, or you can borrow money directly from them. If you have the correct type of life insurance, it might even pay out periodic dividends. Such policies are typically more expensive than just plain cover, however, and you will need to balance out their cost against your current circumstances.

Life insurance comes in many forms. If you have a large loan such as a mortgage or a vehicle loan, your lending financial institution might insist that you have a policy that will finish paying off the loan should you pass. This would mean that the asset you are purchasing would be paid for by the insurance agency, and the house or vehicle would then become part of your estate.  

The next most common types are either term life or whole life insurance, which is usually paid out to your beneficiaries upon your death. This can be difficult to obtain if you wait until you are over the age of fifty or are in poor health. You can still get it, but because there is an increased risk, the premiums will be more expensive or the total policy cover will be less.  

The final type is income protection – a term that is essentially self-explanatory. However, it should be understood that this usually refers to loss of income due to injury or illness, not because you have been let go from your employment.  

Understanding these terms and how the policies are supposed to work can help you decide what kind and how much life insurance you might need. If you are uncertain about this, consult an independent financial advisor like AOR Insurances. The advisor will have no interest in a particular insurance company and will be working for you – not an insurance agency.

mortgage protection family insuranceMortgage Protection Insurance

Mortgage protection is a type of insurance that is often required by banks and mortgage lenders. People who take out such loans are required to carry policies that will cover the amount of the mortgage.  

What does mortgage protection do?

In the event of the mortgage holder’s death, a mortgage protection policy will finish paying the amount owed on the property. If the property is owned jointly, and only one person dies, the policy will often still pay for the home, leaving the home or other property owned by the survivor. Some mortgage protection policies have contingency plans built in that are similar to income protection plans.  

Some types of mortgage protection will take care of your monthly mortgage payments for a specified time if you have lost your job, or if you become too ill to work. While there are conditions that surround these policies, they are often put in place because the mortgage company loses money when you are unable to make your payments on time.  

Most mortgages are set up to be paid over a thirty-year time span. Even though you might be perfectly healthy when you take out the loan to buy your home or business, many changes can take place during that amount of time. An insurance policy that will take care of your payments can be of great value to you and to your family.  

Because mortgages are set up for a specified amount of time, many mortgage protection plans are essentially term life insurance policies. Understanding how a term life policy works can be to your advantage when selecting a mortgage protection plan.

Life Insurance / Term Life Assurance

Term life or simple term life assurance is the sort of insurance taken out by most young parents or people who are starting out in their careers or business. It has a set premium rate and is often in force for a specific amount of time.  

What does life insurance do?

It provides a financial cushion for your family in the event of your death, either from an accident or from natural causes. Some policies have clauses that exclude cover for certain types of high-risk activities, such as skydiving or bungee jumping. A term policy is insurance that is in force for a specified amount of time, such as for the duration of a school year or for a sufficient amount of time for a new baby to become an independent adult, or for long enough for a mortgage or car loan to be paid off.  

Term life is intended to pay the bills for your family in the event of your premature demise. You can select the amount of time for which you would be insured, usually ten, twenty or thirty years. For example, if you had a child that is aged two years, you might want cover until that child would graduate from college at around age twenty-five. Thirty years of cover would see him or her graduated and probably set up in a career before your demise. Should you become terminally ill or involved in a fatal accident the policy would either pay out a lump sum that could be invested to provide an income for your heirs or it could be paid to them in monthly payments until a specified time, such as when they would reach their majority. Or you might select ten years until a vehicle has been paid off or you have pulled your family out of debt.  

Balancing the amount of insurance that might be needed to care for a young family against immediate needs such as food, clothing, and a roof over their heads can be a tricky bit of business. As one reviewer put it, life insurance is intended to buy you peace of mind, not put you into an early grave from overwork so that your family can live in luxury after your death. You want enough insurance to take care of them, but not so much that the premiums are a burden.

Guaranteed Fixed Price Whole of Life Cover

Whole life is perhaps the simplest of the “permanent” life insurance types of cover. It has three main components:

  • The premium will always remain the same
  • Death benefits are guaranteed to your heirs

A portion of your premiums are treated as tax-deferred investments, and the value of the policy will grow at a guaranteed rate.  

Unlike term life, unless you drop the policy, it will remain in force throughout your life. The premiums for a guaranteed fixed price policy will not change – but the value of the policy is affected by the amount of the premium paid. Like term life, you will need to find a balance between expected benefits, your current needs, and the cost of the policy.  

What does whole of life cover do?

Whole of life does a lot of things. Like term life, it will pay death benefits to your heirs or to your estate. It might be paid in a lump sum, but more often, it is paid in instalments of an amount sufficient to take care of monthly expenses.  

You can borrow against your whole life insurance policy. However, if the amount borrowed is not paid back, plus interest, the amount borrowed is counted against the value of the policy. If you should meet your end before the loan is repaid, it could significantly reduce the payout from the policy. Therefore, think twice before using your whole life policy as a sort of banking lender.  


Specified Illness Cover

Specified illness or serious or critical illness cover is a component part of an already existing insurance policy. It allows you to receive a specified lump sum upon being diagnosed with an incurable and terminal condition, such as malignant cancer. Specified or critical illness cover can be taken out as a standalone plan, aside from your life insurance policy, or can be incorporated as a part of a term life or whole life policy.



AOR – We Are Unbiased Life Assurance Experts

Whether you are looking for Mortgage Protection, Level or Convertible term cover, Whole of Life Assurance, Income Protection, Serious Illness or more tailored protection products we have a range of policies available.

As an independent insurance broker AOR Insurances (Cavan) Ltd. will work with a number of different insurers to get the best cover for you.  

At AOR Insurance we make life insurance more affordable, flexible and accessible for our customers.  

We know this is serious business where it pays to be informed, that’s why we will search and advise on the best cover to suit you and your budget.  

Call us by clicking the number above, or drop us a message using the form below to get started protecting yourself and your loved ones.